Archivio per 28 novembre 2011

28
Nov
11

Toward a cognitive interpretation of ethics and economics | Neuroscienze.net

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

All representations created in the mind modify neuronal configurations, and are in their turn modified by them. This type of bond is expressed in the subjectivity of individual perception. As mentioned above, each configuration is established on the former, and, in turn, functions as a basis for the next. The consequence is that each brain produces different configurations, unrepeatable in other individuals, being related to their own and personal relationship with the environment. It is evident that the environment is not the bearer of meanings, but of stimulations that the individual includes within their own life experience. The individual does not see the world as it is, but in the way the brain represents it, and the meaning derives from the interaction of this vision with personal experience. Every living creature lives surrounded by their own needs and the drive to satisfy them, but the presence of others in the world leads us to limit the survival to the possibility of escaping from predators, to win the competition for food and reproduction in solidarity. It is therefore necessary to establish a contact with other individuals, and consequently the ability to communicate what the brain produces, according to a draft ethically significant, because, obviously, economically binding, is needed.
Via www.neuroscienze.net

Annunci
28
Nov
11

Alfeo si riprende la Superba | Neuroscienze.net

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

E’ vero anche che nella scienza delle decisioni si hanno due tipi di approcci: Approccio Normativo che spiega il comportamento dell’uomo a partire dal concetto di razionalità olimpica. Si parte dal presupposto che qualsiasi individuo posto d’innanzi ad un dilemma decisionale conosca tutte le opzioni e le conseguenze con certezza,l’Approccio Descrittivo invece parte dal concetto di razionalità limitata (Simon 1952);parte dalla descrizione dei comportamenti reali degli individui e da questi costruisce in modo induttivo le sue teorie. Prendere una scelta comporta dei rischi: il concetto di rischio è legato sia alla capacità di calcolare la probabilità che un evento pericoloso accada e alla capacità di definire il danno provocato.
Via www.neuroscienze.net

28
Nov
11

The Neuroeconomics Revolution – Robert J. Shiller – Project Syndicate

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Economics is at the start of a revolution that is traceable to an unexpected source: medical schools and their research facilities. The neuroeconomic revolution has passed some key milestones quite recently, notably the publication last year of neuroscientist Paul Glimcher’s book Foundations of Neuroeconomic Analysis – a pointed variation on the title of Paul Samuelson’s 1947 classic work, Foundations of Economic Analysis, which helped to launch an earlier revolution in economic theory. And Glimcher himself now holds an appointment at New York University’s economics department (he also works at NYU’s Center for Neural Science).
Via www.project-syndicate.org

28
Nov
11

What Is Behavioral Economics? | Dan Ariely | Big Think

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Duke professor Dan Ariely has little faith in human rationality. Behavioral economists are interested in the same topics that economists are interested in: why people buy, how we make decisions, what are the right mechanisms in the market, and so on. But the starting point is different. Rather than assuming people are rational and then taking the implications of that, we have no prior beliefs. We say, let’s just see how people behave. Let’s put them in a situation in the lab, in the field, let’s see how they behave, and then as a consequence let’s make the implication, and because in those situations people often don’t behave rationally, the implications are often very different from the implications from standard economics.
Via bigthink.com




Time is real? I think not

novembre: 2011
L M M G V S D
« Ott   Dic »
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
282930  

Commenti recenti

Lorenzo Bosio su Un testo che trascende le sue…

Inserisci il tuo indirizzo e-mail per iscriverti a questo blog e ricevere notifiche di nuovi messaggi per e-mail.

Segui assieme ad altri 1.044 follower

Latest Tweets

Annunci

%d blogger hanno fatto clic su Mi Piace per questo: