Archivio per 11 aprile 2012

11
Apr
12

Arnsperger – Critical Political Economy, Complexity, Rationality, And the Logic of Post Orthodox Pluralism- Libro 352 p

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Arnsperger emphasizes that current economics neglects an important fact: Many of us ask not only ‘‘what’s in it for us,’’ within a given socioeconomic context; we also care about the context itself. The author argues that if citizens keen on exercising their critical reason actually demanded economic theories that allowed them to do so, economics would have to become a constantly emerging, open-ended knowledge process. He claims that in a truly free economy, there would be no all-out war between ‘‘orthodox’’ and ‘‘heterodox’’ approaches, but an intricate and unpredictable ‘‘post-orthodox’’ pluralism that would emerge from the citizens’ own complex interactions. Offering an original and path-breaking combination of insights from Hayek, the theory of complexity, and the Frankfurt School of social criticism, Arnsperger discusses how such a free economy would generate its specific brand of economics, called ‘‘Critical Political Economy.’’ The result is a challenging and sometimes disturbing book which will be of interest to economists as well as philosophers of social science. Christian Arnsperger is Senior Research Fellow with the

Via www.scribd.com

11
Apr
12

Emergent Change | Rethinking Complexity

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

When we look at change, we can easily distinguish between planned and unplanned change. In simple terms, planned change is change that we seek. Conversely, unplanned change is the type of change we are forced to accept and integrate. This latter type of change may have been planned by others and we are just the unsuspecting recipients of it; or the unplanned change may be totally unexpected by everyone as in the visit of a tornado and its resulting devastation.

Via www.rethinkingcomplexity.com

11
Apr
12

Social and Behavioral Sciences – Bounded Rationality for “Just In Time” Education

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

The paper has three targets: a) Taken per se, it advances the research presented in a series of seven papers about education in a post-industrial (i.e., service-oriented) society broadening the scope from engineering to any kind of education reachable through permanent endeavour. b) Regarded as part of a “EU 2020 research cluster” with the aim to propose affordable approaches to education for sustainable development, the paper reveals bounded rationality (BR) as common denominator of, mechanism for, and connection between the two facets of permanent education: e-teaching and e-learning, the research aiming to model teacher BR (now) in order to exploit learner BR (much later). c) From the perspective of the topic area it is intended to deal with, the paper aims at convincing psychologists to move on from “inter-” to “trans-” disciplinary approaches to permanent education (the main reason to submit it to this conference). Main conclusions: To be sustainable in the long run permanent education must be modelled in line with learner BR, as the only stable dimension involved. Thus, transdisciplinary teamwork is mandatory (the paper should be regarded as a call to cooperation).

Via www.sciencedirect.com

11
Apr
12

The Science of Complexity: Epistemological Problems and Perspectives

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

For several decades now a set of researches from a wide range of different sectors has been developed which goes by the name of “science of complexity” and is opposed point by point to the paradigm of classical science. It challenges the idea that world is “simple.” To the reductionist idea that each process is the sum of the actions of its components it opposes a holistic view (the whole is more than the sum of the parts). The aim of the present article is to analyze the epistemological status attributed in the science of complexity to several fundamental ideas, such as those of scientific law, objectivity, and prediction. The aim is to show that the hope of superseding reductionism by means of concepts such as that of “emergence” is fallacious and
that the science of complexity proposes forms of reductionism that are even more restrictive than the classical ones, particularly when it claims to unify in a single treatment problems that vary widely in nature such as physical, biological, and social problems.

Via siba.unipv.it

11
Apr
12

From Standard to Second Order Swarm Intelligence Phase-Space Maps

Via Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

David M.S. Rodrigues, Jorge Louçã, Vitorino Ramos, “From Standard to Second Order Swarm Intelligence Phase-space maps“, in European Conference on Complex Systems, ECCS’11, Vienn…

Via chemoton.wordpress.com




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