Archivio per ottobre 2013

31
Ott
13

Musicality correlates with sociability and emotionality in Williams Syndrome

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

(Ng R, Lai P, Levitin D, Bellugi U) 

Williams Syndrome (WS) is a neurogenetic developmental disorder characterized by peaks and valleys of cognitive abilities. One peak that has been understudied is the affinity that many individuals with WS have toward music. It remains unknown whether their high levels of musical interest, skill and expressivity are related to their sociable personality or their verbal intelligence. Authors examined the relationships between musicality (musical interest, creativity and expressivity), sociability (social-emotionality, social approach) and language comprehension in WS and typically developing (TD) controls. Findings suggest that emotion-expressivity through music in WS may be linked to their sensitivity and responsivity to emotions of others, whereas general interest in music may be related to greater linguistic capacity in TD individuals. Musicality and sociability may be more closely related in WS relative than in typical development; implications for future interventions for this neurodevelopmental condition will be discussed.

 

 

 

See on pathwaysinmusic.com

31
Ott
13

Musicality correlates with sociability and emotionality in Williams Syndrome

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

(Ng R, Lai P, Levitin D, Bellugi U) 

Williams Syndrome (WS) is a neurogenetic developmental disorder characterized by peaks and valleys of cognitive abilities. One peak that has been understudied is the affinity that many individuals with WS have toward music. It remains unknown whether their high levels of musical interest, skill and expressivity are related to their sociable personality or their verbal intelligence. Authors examined the relationships between musicality (musical interest, creativity and expressivity), sociability (social-emotionality, social approach) and language comprehension in WS and typically developing (TD) controls. Findings suggest that emotion-expressivity through music in WS may be linked to their sensitivity and responsivity to emotions of others, whereas general interest in music may be related to greater linguistic capacity in TD individuals. Musicality and sociability may be more closely related in WS relative than in typical development; implications for future interventions for this neurodevelopmental condition will be discussed.

 

 

See on pathwaysinmusic.com

31
Ott
13

El cerebro económico « Jot Down Cultural Magazine

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

En nuestra vida diaria llevamos a cabo diferentes juicios de valor cuando decidimos si comeremos un bocadillo en lugar de una ensalada o si saldremos a pasear en bicicleta en lugar de ir al cine en un soleado día de primavera. Se trata de seleccionar un curso de una acción de un conjunto de posibles cursos, basándonos en valores asociados y en recompensas o refuerzos anticipados. Parece que estamos hablando de características que son inherentes a todos nosotros en tanto que cada uno mostramos diferentes preferencias, gustos sobre qué comer, qué hacer un día de primavera o qué comprar en las vacaciones navideñas. No obstante, las circunstancias pueden cambiar las preferencias de las personas, lo cual puede llevar a la elección más óptima desde un punto de vista objetivo o incluso a decisiones que no resultarían adecuadas. En un contexto social global vinculado a una crisis económica, por ejemplo, una persona puede ampliar los recursos que destinaría a comprar artículos de primera necesidad en detrimento de lo que gastaría en comprar artículos no tan necesarios. Entender cómo el cerebro incorpora los valores en la toma de decisiones se ha convertido en los últimos años en una de las áreas de interés de investigación de la neuroeconomía.

See on www.jotdown.es

31
Ott
13

El cerebro económico « Jot Down Cultural Magazine

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

En nuestra vida diaria llevamos a cabo diferentes juicios de valor cuando decidimos si comeremos un bocadillo en lugar de una ensalada o si saldremos a pasear en bicicleta en lugar de ir al cine en un soleado día de primavera. Se trata de seleccionar un curso de una acción de un conjunto de posibles cursos, basándonos en valores asociados y en recompensas o refuerzos anticipados. Parece que estamos hablando de características que son inherentes a todos nosotros en tanto que cada uno mostramos diferentes preferencias, gustos sobre qué comer, qué hacer un día de primavera o qué comprar en las vacaciones navideñas. No obstante, las circunstancias pueden cambiar las preferencias de las personas, lo cual puede llevar a la elección más óptima desde un punto de vista objetivo o incluso a decisiones que no resultarían adecuadas. En un contexto social global vinculado a una crisis económica, por ejemplo, una persona puede ampliar los recursos que destinaría a comprar artículos de primera necesidad en detrimento de lo que gastaría en comprar artículos no tan necesarios. Entender cómo el cerebro incorpora los valores en la toma de decisiones se ha convertido en los últimos años en una de las áreas de interés de investigación de la neuroeconomía.

See on jotdown.es

29
Ott
13

Controvento – Economisti in cerca di ispirazione: conoscere il cervello per uscire dalla crisi

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

E’ uscito il mio nuovo e primo E-Book, parla di ciò di cui ho spesso trattato in questo Blog. Ecco le prime pagine. La crisi: un esperimento a cielo aperto Vorrei parlarvi del futuro. Del futuro della scienza economica. Il 12 dicembre 2008, Science intitolava una sezione di approfondimento, Crazy Money, e sfidava gli economisti di professione a rendere conto dell’assunzione (epistemologica) centrale dell’economia neoclassica. Ovvero: “Se gli esseri umani non sono razionali come mostra l’attuale crisi, perché le teorie finanziarie dovrebbero assumere che lo siano?”.

See on matteomotterlini.blog.ilsole24ore.com

29
Ott
13

Controvento – Economisti in cerca di ispirazione: conoscere il cervello per uscire dalla crisi

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

E’ uscito il mio nuovo e primo E-Book, parla di ciò di cui ho spesso trattato in questo Blog. Ecco le prime pagine. La crisi: un esperimento a cielo aperto Vorrei parlarvi del futuro. Del futuro della scienza economica. Il 12 dicembre 2008, Science intitolava una sezione di approfondimento, Crazy Money, e sfidava gli economisti di professione a rendere conto dell’assunzione (epistemologica) centrale dell’economia neoclassica. Ovvero: “Se gli esseri umani non sono razionali come mostra l’attuale crisi, perché le teorie finanziarie dovrebbero assumere che lo siano?”.

See on matteomotterlini.blog.ilsole24ore.com

28
Ott
13

Why Can’t We All Just Get Along? The Uncertain Biological Basis of Morality

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Squaring recent research suggesting we’re “naturally moral” with all the strife in the world. 

In 1999, Joshua Greene—then a philosophy graduate student at Princeton, now a psychology professor at Harvard—had a very fertile idea. He took a pretty well-known philosophical thought experiment and infused it with technology in a way that turned it into a very well-known philosophical thought experiment—easily the best-known, most-pondered such mental exercise of our time. In the process, he raised doubts, in inescapably vivid form, about the rationality of human moral judgment.

The thought experiment—called the trolley problem—has over the past few years gotten enough attention to be approaching “needs no introduction” status. But it’s not quite there, so: An out-of-control trolley is headed for five people who will surely die unless you pull a lever that diverts it onto a track where it will instead kill one person. Would you—should you—pull the lever?

See on theatlantic.com




Time is real? I think not

ottobre: 2013
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