Archivio per 2 ottobre 2014

02
Ott
14

Rational talk on housing prices lost in a bubble

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

The latest house price index figures released by RP Data earlier this week show a year-on-year increase in property values in Sydney of 14.3%. This has sparked the current hot debate on property prices and speculation of a price bubble. Though, it seems many people have forgotten what house price indices represent.

See on theconversation.com

02
Ott
14

Government-By-Nudge Is a Global Phenomenon | Big Think

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Nudges, “choice architecture,” social marketing and other non-rational approaches to government are a pretty significant development. After all, these policies replace explicit arguments (“you should get more exercise for these reasons”) with hidden persuasion (“in our next building, let’s hide the elevator and make the stairs really prominent?”). That’s a major change for any democracy. Yet many people are unimpressed, because they think of these policies as a pack of First World Problems. We in the rich world hear of these policies when they’re put in place to prompt us to eat less, exercise more, save money for retirement and otherwise act sensibly. How privileged we are to worry about such things, when people in less prosperous countries face beheadings, plane crashes, Ebola or the arrival of jackbooted thugs at 2 a.m. You might think most governments have more pressing things to do than use behavioral research to get citizens to become an organ donor. But if you think that, you are wrong, as this study reveals (pdf). Its authors found non-rational approaches to persuasion are now in use in a large majority of nations—rich, middling and poor.

 

See on bigthink.com

02
Ott
14

How I Rewired My Brain to Become Fluent in Math

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

I was a wayward kid who grew up on the literary side of life, treating math and science as if they were pustules from the plague. So it’s a little strange how I’ve ended up now—someone who dances daily with triple integrals, Fourier transforms, and that crown jewel of mathematics, Euler’s equation. It’s hard to believe I’ve flipped from a virtually congenital math-phobe to a professor of engineering.

One day, one of my students asked me how I did it—how I changed my brain. I wanted to answer Hell—with lots of difficulty! After all, I’d flunked my way through elementary, middle, and high school math and science. In fact, I didn’t start studying remedial math until I left the Army at age 26. If there were a textbook example of the potential for adult neural plasticity, I’d be Exhibit A.

See on nautil.us

02
Ott
14

Dr. Lisa Kramer -Expert in Behavioural Finance and Neuroeconomic

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Expert in Behavioural Finance and Neuroeconomics

Stirring up controversy in financial circles for over a decade with her seminal contributions bridging the gap between rational finance and behavioural finance, Dr. Lisa Kramer is no stranger to the dynamic marketplace of ideas. An expert on behavioural finance, investments, capital market seasonality, behavioral economics, neuroeconomics, and personal finance, Dr. Kramer captivates audiences with her real-time demonstrations of human biases. Participants come away with a deeper understanding of recent, state-of-the-art developments in the exciting field of behavioural finance.

Dr. Kramer’s research has been profiled in The Wall Street Journal, US News and World Reports, The Washington Post, The Daily Telegraph, Business Week, Fast Company, The National Post, The Globe and Mail, and on CBC Television and Radio.

She received her PhD in finance from the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia and is an Associate Professor of Finance at the University of Toronto. She has also held the Canadian Securities Institute Research Foundation Term Professorship, and spent a sabbatical as a visiting scholar in the Psychology Department at Stanford University where she conducted ground-breaking research.

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See on speakers.ca

02
Ott
14

Dr. Lisa Kramer – Expert in Behavioural Finance & Neuroeconomics

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Stirring up controversy in financial circles for over a decade with her seminal contributions bridging the gap between rational finance and behavioural finance, Dr. Lisa Kramer is no stranger to the dynamic marketplace of ideas. An expert on behavioural finance, investments, capital market seasonality, behavioral economics, neuroeconomics, and personal finance, Dr. Kramer captivates audiences with her real-time demonstrations of human biases. Participants come away with a deeper understanding of recent, state-of-the-art developments in the exciting field of behavioural finance.

Dr. Kramer’s research has been profiled in The Wall Street Journal, US News and World Reports, The Washington Post, The Daily Telegraph, Business Week, Fast Company, The National Post, The Globe and Mail, and on CBC Television and Radio.

She received her PhD in finance from the Sauder School of Business at the University of British Columbia and is an Associate Professor of Finance at the University of Toronto. She has also held the Canadian Securities Institute Research Foundation Term Professorship, and spent a sabbatical as a visiting scholar in the Psychology Department at Stanford University where she conducted ground-breaking research.

http://www.speakers.ca/speakers/dr-li...

This video is brought to you by Speaker’s Spotlight – http://www.speakers.ca – Canada’s leading speakers’ bureau.

See on youtube.com

02
Ott
14

Should You Be Able to Sue the Government That Nudged You? | Big Think

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

“Nudge” policies are spreading across the globe because they supposedly offer a less expensive and more effective way to get people to make the “right” decisions. In the original formulation, such decisions are defined as those that people would like to have made, had they not been hobbled and blinkered at the time by irresistible irrationality.

As practiced by governments, non-profits and companies, though, the ideal is not always respected, and supposedly “nudgey” policies are often justified as benefitting society as a whole. Critics of the nudge approach often ask how the nudge squads can be so sure that they know what people would want if they were in their right mind, or even what is best for any individual, or for society. Experts, after all, often make mistakes. A recent conversation along those lines got me to wondering: If a citizen feels she has been hurt by a decision that she was “nudged” to make, should she be able to sue the nudgers for damages?

See on bigthink.com

02
Ott
14

Tiny Lights Could Illuminate Brain Activity

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Alessandro Cerboni’s insight:

Step aside, huge magnets and radioactive tracers—soon some brain activity will be revealed by simply training dozens of red lights on the scalp. A new study in Nature Photonics finds this optical technique can replicate functional MRI experiments, and it is more comfortable, more portable and less expensive.

The method is an enhancement of diffuse optical tomography (DOT), in which a device shines tiny points of red light at a subject’s scalp and analyzes the light that bounces back. The red light reflects off red hemoglobin in the blood but does not interact as much with tissues of other colors, which allows researchers to recover an fMRI-like image of changing blood flow in the brain at work. For years researchers attempting to use DOT have been limited by the difficulty of packing many heavy light sources and detectors into the small area around the head. They also needed better techniques for analyzing the flood of data that the detectors collected.

 

See on scientificamerican.com




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