Archivio per 2 novembre 2014



02
Nov
14

Stirling Behavioural Science Blog : Irish Government Economic Evaluation Service on Behavioural Economics

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Irish Government Economic Evaluation Service on Behavioural EconomicsPosted by Liam Delaney at Wednesday, October 29, 2014The Irish Civil Service established an economic evaluation service in 2012 “to enhance the role of economics and value for money analysis in public policy making”. Interestingly, they have recently published a document on the role of behavioural economics in policy-making in Ireland. This is available on this link.   
See on economicspsychologypolicy.blogspot.com

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02
Nov
14

Stirling Behavioural Science Blog : Irish Government Economic Evaluation Service on Behavioural Economics

Irish Government Economic Evaluation Service on Behavioural EconomicsPosted by Liam Delaney at Wednesday, October 29, 2014The Irish Civil Service established an economic evaluation service in 2012 “to enhance the role of economics and value for money analysis in public policy making”. Interestingly, they have recently published a document on the role of behavioural economics in policy-making in Ireland. This is available on this link.   

Source: economicspsychologypolicy.blogspot.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

02
Nov
14

Multi-Party Elections in the Arab World: Institutional Engineering and Oppositional Strategies

http://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.rochelleterman.com%2FComparativeExam%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2FBibliography%2520and%2520Summaries%2FPosusney%25202005.pdf&embedded=true

Recent moves toward multi-party competition for elected legislatures in numerous Arab countries constitute a significant departure from earlier practices there, and create the basis for democratic activists to gradually chip away at persistent authoritarian rule. This article explores the institutional mechanisms by which incumbent authoritarian executives seek to engineer these elections. It documents examples of rulers changing electoral systems to ensure compliant legislatures, and demonstrates the prevalent use of winner-takes-all electoral systems, which generally work to the regimes’ advantage. I then review various strategies of opposition forces—boycotts, non-competition agreements, election monitoring, and struggles over election rules–and the dilemmas that these entail. Surmounting differences in terms of ideologies, as well as short-term political goals and prospects, is a central challenge. The future should see greater electoral participation among opposition activists, along with cleaner elections. As vote coercion and ballot box stuffing is restricted by opposition pressures, electoral institutions will take on greater importance, and struggles for proportional representation are likely to increase.

Source: www.rochelleterman.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

02
Nov
14

Multi-Party Elections in the Arab World: Institutional Engineering and Oppositional Strategies

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Recent moves toward multi-party competition for elected legislatures in numerous Arab countries constitute a significant departure from earlier practices there, and create the basis for democratic activists to gradually chip away at persistent authoritarian rule. This article explores the institutional mechanisms by which incumbent authoritarian executives seek to engineer these elections. It documents examples of rulers changing electoral systems to ensure compliant legislatures, and demonstrates the prevalent use of winner-takes-all electoral systems, which generally work to the regimes’ advantage. I then review various strategies of opposition forces—boycotts, non-competition agreements, election monitoring, and struggles over election rules–and the dilemmas that these entail. Surmounting differences in terms of ideologies, as well as short-term political goals and prospects, is a central challenge. The future should see greater electoral participation among opposition activists, along with cleaner elections. As vote coercion and ballot box stuffing is restricted by opposition pressures, electoral institutions will take on greater importance, and struggles for proportional representation are likely to increase.

See on rochelleterman.com




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