Archivio per 27 dicembre 2014

27
Dic
14

Insights from Chemistry into how ‘Nudges’ Impact Decisions

Yes, Chemistry! Choice Engineering through Libertarian Paternalism Redefined.

Many times every day we make choices, and these choices are not made in isolation. Choices can be influenced by our physical environment or even by written or spoken words.

Five years ago, in 2008, Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein published a book about choices and choice influencers.  Five years ago is old news, but this past summer, Thaler and Sunstein’s ideas again entered the public consciousness when it became known that the Obama administration was considering creating an American version of the United Kingdom’s Behavioral Insights Team.

Many articles and blog posts this past summer denounced governmental influence on behavior, which is ironic.  To understand the irony, reread the first paragraph.  No choice is made in isolation. (Thaler and Sunstein use the analogy of no choices being made in a vacuum on their website.)  There is always something influencing choices you make.  Even in the absence of some kind of Behavioral Insights Team, government action, without intention, influences choices people make.

Source: www.psychologytoday.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

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27
Dic
14

Insights from Chemistry into how ‘Nudges’ Impact Decisions

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Yes, Chemistry! Choice Engineering through Libertarian Paternalism Redefined.

Many times every day we make choices, and these choices are not made in isolation. Choices can be influenced by our physical environment or even by written or spoken words.

Five years ago, in 2008, Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein published a book about choices and choice influencers.  Five years ago is old news, but this past summer, Thaler and Sunstein’s ideas again entered the public consciousness when it became known that the Obama administration was considering creating an American version of the United Kingdom’s Behavioral Insights Team.

Many articles and blog posts this past summer denounced governmental influence on behavior, which is ironic.  To understand the irony, reread the first paragraph.  No choice is made in isolation. (Thaler and Sunstein use the analogy of no choices being made in a vacuum on their website.)  There is always something influencing choices you make.  Even in the absence of some kind of Behavioral Insights Team, government action, without intention, influences choices people make.

See on psychologytoday.com

27
Dic
14

Making Music Dramatically Improves Young Children’s Behaviour — PsyBlog

Children become 30 times more helpful after making music compared with listening to a story.

Both singing and playing a musical instrument can improve young children’s behaviour, according to a recent study.

The study found that children who’d been making music were more helpful to each other and had better problem-solving skills than those who’d listened to a story (Davies et al., 2013).

The results shed light on an age-old question: is music just a happy byproduct of the human mind or does it serve some purpose?

Source: www.spring.org.uk

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

27
Dic
14

Making Music Dramatically Improves Young Children’s Behaviour — PsyBlog

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Children become 30 times more helpful after making music compared with listening to a story.

Both singing and playing a musical instrument can improve young children’s behaviour, according to a recent study.

The study found that children who’d been making music were more helpful to each other and had better problem-solving skills than those who’d listened to a story (Davies et al., 2013).

The results shed light on an age-old question: is music just a happy byproduct of the human mind or does it serve some purpose?

See on spring.org.uk

27
Dic
14

Musical Training Increases Executive Brain Function in Children and Adults — PsyBlog

People with musical training make better choices and their brains process information more efficiently. Musical training can boost the executive brain function of both adults and children, according to new research.

Both the brains and behaviour of adult and child musicians were compared with non-musicians in the study by researchers at the Boston Children’s Hospital.

Fifteen musically trained children and 15 adult professional musicians were recruited and matched with non-musicians on a number of variables, like family income, IQ, parental education and so on.

 

Source: www.spring.org.uk

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

27
Dic
14

Musical Training Increases Executive Brain Function in Children and Adults — PsyBlog

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

People with musical training make better choices and their brains process information more efficiently. Musical training can boost the executive brain function of both adults and children, according to new research.

Both the brains and behaviour of adult and child musicians were compared with non-musicians in the study by researchers at the Boston Children’s Hospital.

Fifteen musically trained children and 15 adult professional musicians were recruited and matched with non-musicians on a number of variables, like family income, IQ, parental education and so on.

 
See on spring.org.uk

27
Dic
14

How To Help Children Control Their Emotions, Reduce Anxiety and Boost Attention — PsyBlog

This activity has a vital role to play in children’s psychological health.

Children who study the piano or violin might also find it easier to control their emotions, focus their attention and reduce their anxiety.

Along with parents, teachers and friends, learning a musical instrument has a vital role to play in children’s psychological health, the largest study of its kind to date argues.

Researchers at the Vermont Center for Children made musical training available to 232 youths between the ages of 6- and 18-years-old.

Their brains were also scanned to see how the cortex changed in size, over up to six years.

Source: www.spring.org.uk

I bambini che studiano il pianoforte o il violino possono imparare  a controllare con maggiore facilità le proprie emozioni, la loro attenzione e a ridurre la loro ansia.

Insieme a genitori, insegnanti e amici, imparare uno strumento musicale ha un ruolo vitale per la salute psicologica dei bambini, una vasta ricerca è giunta a queste conclusioni.

I ricercatori del Centro Vermont ha analizzato moltissimi bambini a cui è stata impartita   una formazione musicale comprendendo giovani di età compresa tra 6 e 18 anni di età tra e questa capacità è uno dei risultati più importanti.

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond




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