Archivio per dicembre 2014



28
Dic
14

Topology: The Secret Ingredient In The Latest Theory of Everything

See on Scoop.itComplexity & Self-Organizing Systems

Combine topology with symmetry and add a sprinkling of quantum mechanics. The result? A powerful new theory of everything

See on technologyreview.com

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28
Dic
14

Applause is Contagious Like a Disease – D-brief

Applause spreads linearly, like a disease. The amount of time an individual feels like clapping is a factor, but not nearly as much as peer pressure.

Source: blogs.discovermagazine.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

28
Dic
14

Applause is Contagious Like a Disease – D-brief

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Applause spreads linearly, like a disease. The amount of time an individual feels like clapping is a factor, but not nearly as much as peer pressure.

See on blogs.discovermagazine.com

28
Dic
14

Numerical Simulation of Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya Quantum-like Decision Making Model | Zuo | NeuroQuantology

Numerical Simulation of Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya Quantum-like Decision Making Model

Abstract In classical game theory, the rational behavior for the player is to make the decision which is approaching Nash equilibrium. The Prisoner’s Dilemma, which is a canonical game, is often used to present the rationality. In real experiment in cognitive psychology which were performed by Tversky and Shafir, the statistical data show the existence of the irrational behaviors in reality. The phenomenon is called disjunction effect. To explain why it probably happens, we review the Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya model which is the mathematical modeling of the process of decision making in the game of Prisoner’s Dilemma. It applies only the mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics to the decision making process rather than the quantum physical model. In this paper, we present several numerical simulations for the Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya model together with the graphs of the von Neumann entropy for the solutions. By analyzing the simulation results, we explicitly and numerically present the existence of the irrational behavior for the player which is generated by the Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya model. 

Source: www.neuroquantology.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

28
Dic
14

Numerical Simulation of Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya Quantum-like Decision Making Model | Zuo | NeuroQuantology

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Numerical Simulation of Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya Quantum-like Decision Making Model

Abstract In classical game theory, the rational behavior for the player is to make the decision which is approaching Nash equilibrium. The Prisoner’s Dilemma, which is a canonical game, is often used to present the rationality. In real experiment in cognitive psychology which were performed by Tversky and Shafir, the statistical data show the existence of the irrational behaviors in reality. The phenomenon is called disjunction effect. To explain why it probably happens, we review the Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya model which is the mathematical modeling of the process of decision making in the game of Prisoner’s Dilemma. It applies only the mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics to the decision making process rather than the quantum physical model. In this paper, we present several numerical simulations for the Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya model together with the graphs of the von Neumann entropy for the solutions. By analyzing the simulation results, we explicitly and numerically present the existence of the irrational behavior for the player which is generated by the Asano-Khrennikov-Ohya model. 
See on neuroquantology.com

27
Dic
14

Insights from Chemistry into how ‘Nudges’ Impact Decisions

Yes, Chemistry! Choice Engineering through Libertarian Paternalism Redefined.

Many times every day we make choices, and these choices are not made in isolation. Choices can be influenced by our physical environment or even by written or spoken words.

Five years ago, in 2008, Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein published a book about choices and choice influencers.  Five years ago is old news, but this past summer, Thaler and Sunstein’s ideas again entered the public consciousness when it became known that the Obama administration was considering creating an American version of the United Kingdom’s Behavioral Insights Team.

Many articles and blog posts this past summer denounced governmental influence on behavior, which is ironic.  To understand the irony, reread the first paragraph.  No choice is made in isolation. (Thaler and Sunstein use the analogy of no choices being made in a vacuum on their website.)  There is always something influencing choices you make.  Even in the absence of some kind of Behavioral Insights Team, government action, without intention, influences choices people make.

Source: www.psychologytoday.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

27
Dic
14

Insights from Chemistry into how ‘Nudges’ Impact Decisions

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Yes, Chemistry! Choice Engineering through Libertarian Paternalism Redefined.

Many times every day we make choices, and these choices are not made in isolation. Choices can be influenced by our physical environment or even by written or spoken words.

Five years ago, in 2008, Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein published a book about choices and choice influencers.  Five years ago is old news, but this past summer, Thaler and Sunstein’s ideas again entered the public consciousness when it became known that the Obama administration was considering creating an American version of the United Kingdom’s Behavioral Insights Team.

Many articles and blog posts this past summer denounced governmental influence on behavior, which is ironic.  To understand the irony, reread the first paragraph.  No choice is made in isolation. (Thaler and Sunstein use the analogy of no choices being made in a vacuum on their website.)  There is always something influencing choices you make.  Even in the absence of some kind of Behavioral Insights Team, government action, without intention, influences choices people make.

See on psychologytoday.com




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