Archivio per 6 gennaio 2015

06
Gen
15

Brain and Law: An EEG study of how we decide or not to implement a law

ABSTRACT Brazil has introduced a referendum regarding the prohibition of firearm commerce and propaganda arguments has invoked socially and personally driven issues in the promotion of voting in favor of and against firearm control, respectively. Here, we used different techniques to study the brain activity associated with a voter’s perception of the truthfulness of these arguments and their influence on voting decisions. Low Resolution Tomography was used to identify the possible different sets of neurons activated in the analysis of the different types of propaganda. Linear correlation was used to calculate the amount information provided by different electrodes about how these sets of neurons enroll themselves to carry out this cognitive analysis. The results clearly showed that vote decision was not influenced by arguments that were introduced by propaganda, which were typically driven by specific social or self-interest motives. However, different neural circuits were identified in the analysis of each type of propaganda argument, independently of the declared vote (for or against the control) intention.

Source: www.researchgate.net

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

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06
Gen
15

Brain and Law: An EEG study of how we decide or not to implement a law

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

ABSTRACT Brazil has introduced a referendum regarding the prohibition of firearm commerce and propaganda arguments has invoked socially and personally driven issues in the promotion of voting in favor of and against firearm control, respectively. Here, we used different techniques to study the brain activity associated with a voter’s perception of the truthfulness of these arguments and their influence on voting decisions. Low Resolution Tomography was used to identify the possible different sets of neurons activated in the analysis of the different types of propaganda. Linear correlation was used to calculate the amount information provided by different electrodes about how these sets of neurons enroll themselves to carry out this cognitive analysis. The results clearly showed that vote decision was not influenced by arguments that were introduced by propaganda, which were typically driven by specific social or self-interest motives. However, different neural circuits were identified in the analysis of each type of propaganda argument, independently of the declared vote (for or against the control) intention.
See on researchgate.net

06
Gen
15

The Unexpected Connection Between Gut Bacteria and Depression and Anxiety — PsyBlog

How depression and anxiety are connected to bacteria in the gut. Consuming a prebiotic bacteria can have an anti-anxiety effect, the first ever human study of its kind has found. Researchers at the University of Oxford have discovered that an advanced prebiotic bacteria can reduce levels of anxiety in a clinical trial.

Like probiotics, prebiotics are functional foods: they have benefits beyond their purely nutritional valu

Source: www.spring.org.uk

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

06
Gen
15

The Unexpected Connection Between Gut Bacteria and Depression and Anxiety — PsyBlog

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

How depression and anxiety are connected to bacteria in the gut. Consuming a prebiotic bacteria can have an anti-anxiety effect, the first ever human study of its kind has found. Researchers at the University of Oxford have discovered that an advanced prebiotic bacteria can reduce levels of anxiety in a clinical trial.

Like probiotics, prebiotics are functional foods: they have benefits beyond their purely nutritional valu

See on spring.org.uk

06
Gen
15

Social Status and Personality Traits

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Abstract: In this study we provide direct evidence on the relationship between social status and personality traits. Using survey data from the 2006-2012 waves of the HRS, we show that individuals’ self-perceived social status is associated with all the “Big Five” personality traits, after controlling for observable characteristics that arguably reflect one’s actual status. We also construct an objective status measure that in turn is influenced by personality traits. Objectively measured status is positively but not highly correlated with its subjective counterpart and, when incorporated in a regression specification, still leaves room for direct effects of personality traits on status perception. 
See on dse.univr.it

06
Gen
15

Social Status and Personality Traits

http://docs.google.com/viewer?url=http%3A%2F%2Fdse.univr.it%2Fhome%2Fworkingpapers%2Fwp2014n21.pdf&embedded=trueAbstract: In this study we provide direct evidence on the relationship between social status and personality traits. Using survey data from the 2006-2012 waves of the HRS, we show that individuals’ self-perceived social status is associated with all the “Big Five” personality traits, after controlling for observable characteristics that arguably reflect one’s actual status. We also construct an objective status measure that in turn is influenced by personality traits. Objectively measured status is positively but not highly correlated with its subjective counterpart and, when incorporated in a regression specification, still leaves room for direct effects of personality traits on status perception. 

Source: dse.univr.it

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

06
Gen
15

The Psychological Contract: A Review Model

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to review and synthesize the literature of psychological contract in order to provide a comprehensive framework of psychological contract through individual and multi-level analysis. The article provides an inclusive review of antecedents (individual and organizational) and outcomes of psychological contract. The last meta analysis was done in 2007 (Zhao et al., 2007) and research has grown significantly from thereon. The current paper extends the range of variables (antecedents and outcomes) considered in comparison to earlier studies. The study extensively reviews the literature from the period of 1972 to 2013 (July). The findings highlight how individual and organizational level variables influence the psychological contract of employees. It also reveals that psychological contract is associated with favorable organizational outcomes. While doing so the paper brings out the challenges in the field of psychological contract, gaps in the research, and makes propositions for future research. The exhaustive synthesis of review of literature promises to provide a holistic picture of psychological contract to the scholars interested in the field of psychological contract and employee relations. It highlights the gap which contributes in taking this concept forward. Practitioners can use this research for managing psychological contract in the light of its critical factors. The paper concludes that individual level antecedents of psychological contract require detail examination and summarize the relationship between macro level variables and psychological contract.
See on iimahd.ernet.in




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