Archivio per 20 gennaio 2015

20
Gen
15

Getting a healthy start? Nudge versus economic incentives

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Abstract: We compare the effects of economic incentives with a “nudge” (a policy intervention that aims to influence behaviour through changing the “choice architecture”) in relation to improving dietary choices. We study a large-scale, nationally-implemented policy – the UK Healthy Start Scheme – that aimed to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. The policy combined standard economic incentives with elements of nudge, the most important of which is a potential labelling effect. We show that the scheme was successful; the estimated intention to treat effect indicates that spending on fruit and vegetables increased by 15 per cent, or roughly two-thirds of a portion per household per day. The response can be attributed entirely to the economic incentive effects; there is no evidence of any effect from the nudge aspects of the policy. 
See on bristol.ac.uk

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20
Gen
15

Nudging e Salute: un binomio possibile?

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Abstract: Il termine inglese nudging viene tradotto in italiano con la locuzione “spinta gentile”. Esso indica un’azione svolta dallo Stato diretta ad incentivare (o disincentivare) comportamenti individuali ritenuti benefici (o nocivi) per il soggetto stesso che li compie. L’ipotesi teorica che sta alla base di tale pratica è che le scelte che il consumatore può compiere non rispondano sempre ai postulati di razionalità propri della teoria neoclassica del consumatore. Si ipotizza l’esistenza di due tipi di consumatore l’Homo Economicus, definito anche “Econ”, che è in grado di compiere scelte che rispettano i postulati propri della teoria neoclassica del consumatore e l’Homo Sapiens, o “Human”, che compie errori sistematici nell’effettuare le proprie scelte. In questo paper, dopo aver esposto i tratti principali del nudging, si analizzano in modo critico gli aspetti teorici e leimplicazioni di policy di tale teoria.
See on dises.unisa.it

20
Gen
15

Economists: cheaters with altruistic instincts

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Abstract: Based on an experiment conducted with undergraduate students from three different majors (business economics, psychology and engineering), we study the relationship between honesty and altruism. We asked participants to toss a coin with a black and a white side. Participants won a chocolate if they reported the white outcome, whereas no gift was given if they reported black. It was done privately, so they could decide whether or not to cheat. Reporting the prize-losing side (that is, being honest when losing) could result in 3 effects, depending on the 3 conditions run: (i) no penalty, (ii) paying a penalty, or (iii) paying a penalty with an altruistic end (a donation to a non-profit organization). The amount of penalty was decided by each participant and the payment was also done in private. Although we cannot detect dishonesty on an individual level, we use statistical inference to determine cheating behavior. We find suggestive evidence that economics is significantly the most dishonest major when no penalty is involved. With economists in the lead, the results also indicate that all majors cheat if a penalty is requested. Surprisingly, when altruism plays a role, economists tend to have the most altruistic behavior, followed by psychologists. However, altruism does not reduce engineers’ propensity to lie. No significant differences are found regarding gender. 
See on mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de

20
Gen
15

Individual perceptions of local crime risk

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Abstract: We provide evidence that perceptions of crime risk are severely biased for many years after a move to a new neighborhood. Based on four successive waves of a large crime survey, matched with administrative records on household relocations, we find that the longer an individual lives in a neighborhood, the higher their perception of the crime rate in the neighborhood. This finding holds irrespective of whether the move is from a relatively low-crime to a relatively high-crime area or vice versa. We find that avoidance behavior adjusts in line with the observed changes in beliefs.
See on pure.uvt.nl

20
Gen
15

Is democracy in crisis? No, there’s just a new type of emerging democracy – Open Democracy

See on Scoop.itreal utopias

Democracy isn’t dying, it’s evolving.

See on opendemocracy.net

20
Gen
15

Nudging: la ‘spinta gentile’ del Grande Fratello

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

La ‘spinta gentile’ del ‘nudging’ è considerata una moda e, in effetti, lo è perché il suo scopo è orientare gusti ed esigenze globali verso un modello non scelto direttamente e consapevolmente dal singolo individuo. Chi è al potere tenta di disciplinare una società sempre più globalizzata, confusa e complessa praticando il nudging per suggerire-imporre un indirizzamento delle nostre decisioni. Una forma d’ipnosi, di subdolo intervento a dispetto del nostro libero arbitrio, supportato dai maggiori social network e motori di ricerca (Facebook, Google, Twitter, Whatsapp, Instagram) che sanno tutto di noi, i nostri gusti, i pensieri, i comportamenti e la nostra intera vita tracciata su Internet.

See on it.blastingnews.com

20
Gen
15

Nudging PROJEKT – YouTube

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

See on youtube.com




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