Archivio per 21 gennaio 2015

21
Gen
15

Noam Chomsky: Are We on the Verge of Total Self-Destruction?

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

If you ask what the world is going to look like, it’s not a pretty picture.

See on alternet.org

Annunci
21
Gen
15

Senior Lectures: Ralph Abraham – Complex Dynamical Systems – YouTube

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

2010 lecture by Ralph Abraham to Ross School Seniors on the history of mathematics leading to the development of Complex Dynamical Systems Theory and the impact that Chaos Theory had on this ‘new’ branch of mathematics.

See on youtube.com

21
Gen
15

The wonderful and terrifying implications of computers that can learn

See on Scoop.itTalks

What happens when we teach a computer how to learn? Technologist Jeremy Howard shares some surprising new developments in the fast-moving field of deep learning, a technique that can give computers the ability to learn Chinese, or to recognize objects in photos, or to help think through a medical diagnosis. (One deep learning tool, after watching hours of YouTube, taught itself the concept of “cats.”) Get caught up on a field that will change the way the computers around you behave … sooner than you probably think.

http://go.ted.com/gGh

See on ted.com

21
Gen
15

MINDSPACE Influencing behaviour through public policy

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Influencing people‟s behaviour is nothing new to Government, which has often used tools such as legislation, regulation or taxation to achieve desired policy outcomes. But many of the biggest policy challenges we are now facing – such as the increase in people with chronic health conditions – will only be resolved if we are successful in persuading people to change their behaviour, their lifestyles or their existing habits. Fortunately, over the last decade, our understanding of influences on behaviour has increased significantly and this points the way to new approaches and new solutions. So whilst behavioural theory has already been deployed to good effect in some areas, it has much greater potential to help us. To realise that potential, we have to build our capacity and ensure that we have a sophisticated understanding of what does influence behaviour. This report is an important step in that direction because it shows how behavioural theory could help achieve better outcomes for citizens, either by complementing more established policy tools, or by suggesting more innovative interventions. In doing so, it draws on the most recent academic evidence, as well as exploring the wide range of existing good work in applying behavioural theory across the public sector. Finally, it shows how these insights could be put to practical use. This report tackles complex issues on which there are wide-ranging public views.We hope it will help stimulate debate amongst policy-makers and stakeholders and help us build our capability to use behaviour theory in an appropriate and effective way.

See on instituteforgovernment.org.uk

21
Gen
15

A response to Dolan

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Paul Dolan argues that there are two broad approaches to behavioural change: changing minds and changing contexts. He argues that while the former approach relies more heavily on conscious and reasoned processes, the latter predominantly deals with the subconscious, automated system of the human brain and attempts to facilitate change by altering the ‘environmental context’ in which people make decisions. In particular, he notes that the latter approach (i.e. changing contexts) has received relatively little attention in the past and that, by focusing on altering people’s choice environment, ‘mindspace’ represents a promising framework for improving the public’s financial capabilities. In explaining the rationale behind the development and application of the mindspace framework, he states: ‘new models of behaviour change are needed in general, and in consumer finance in particular, as existing theories and methods leave a substantial proportion of the variance in behaviour, beyond the effect of rational (conscious) intentions, to be explained’ 

See on scholar.princeton.edu




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