Archivio per 17 giugno 2015

17
Giu
15

Imperfect Cognitions: Bayesian Inference, Predictive Coding and Delusions

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

This is our third of a series of posts in the papers published in an issue of Avant on Delusions. Here Rick Adams summarises his paper (co-written with Harriet R. Brown and Karl J. Friston) ‘Bayesian Inference, Predictive Coding and Delusions’. I am in training to become a psychiatrist. I have also recently completed a PhD at UCL under Prof Karl Friston, a renowned computational neuroscientist. I am part of a new field known as Computational Psychiatry (CP). CP tries to explain how various phenomena in psychiatry could be understood in terms of brain computations (see also Corlett and Fletcher2014, Montague et al., 2012, and Adams et al. forthcoming in JNNP). 

See on imperfectcognitions.blogspot.it

17
Giu
15

The Hidden Danger in Product Bundles – Neuromarketing

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Does grouping products together into a single-price bundle increase the perception of value? Most of us would answer “yes,” but surprising new research shows there is at least one condition where such grouping can actually reduce the apparent value. In fact, the bundle may be seen as worth not just less than the sum of its parts, but less than the individual product

See on neurosciencemarketing.com

17
Giu
15

Mind reading viable as scientists reconstruct speech from brain activity | Science! | Geek.com

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Being able to read someone’s mind has both very good and very bad connotations. We can’t do it yet, but science has taken us a big step forward this week with a new system that can reconstruct speech from brain activity.

See on geek.com

17
Giu
15

Study: Social learning, not range of environments, best explains span of human behavior

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

This may help explain why we wear pants…new study suggests social learning (that is, culture), not range of environments, best explains span of human behavior http://ow.ly/Oru6R People from different societies eat different foods, use different technologies, follow different social norms, and believe in different gods. The behavioral variation exhibited by the human species is unmatched in the animal world. 

For more than a century, scholars have debated whether this span of behavior is due to the unusually wide range of environments we humans inhabit or to our unique reliance on social learning, which enables members of different societies to inherit different cultural traditions.

At stake in this debate is to what extent human uniqueness is driven by our large brain and the intelligence that allows us to adapt to different environments or by our capacity for culture. 

See on santafe.edu




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