Archivio per 25 luglio 2015

25
Lug
15

The Learned Attitude That Makes Children More Anxious and Violent

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Comparison of children in 12 countries reveals the most aggressive, and why.

 

Children who expect others to be aggressive are more aggressive themselves, new international research concludes.

Professor Kenneth A. Dodge, who led the study, said:

“When a child infers that he or she is being threatened by someone else and makes an attribution that the other person is acting with hostile intent, then that child is likely to react with aggression.

This study shows that this pattern is universal in every one of the 12 cultural groups studied worldwide.”

The research compared 1,299 children in the US, Italy, Jordan, Kenya Thailand, China — 12 countries in all.

Children were given scenarios to read involving common situations that could be interpreted ambiguously.

– See more at: http://www.spring.org.uk/2015/07/the-learned-attitude-that-makes-children-more-anxious-and-violent.php#sthash.sOs6dCfy.dpuf

See on spring.org.uk

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25
Lug
15

The handy guide to finding a more attentive boyfriend

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Men with shorter index finger than ring finger said to be more masculinisedThis means they will make more effort to impress women, says studyExplanation is that they’ve been exposed to more testosterone in the wombAnd women with longer index fingers to ring said to be more feminised – taking more care over their appearance

See on dailymail.co.uk

25
Lug
15

TMT Loss Aversion Index

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond
Loss Aversion

In today’s global, tightly integrated economy, extreme market drops are often created, or at least exacerbated, by investors’ collective trading behaviour. Often, irrationality is the underlying cause. Behavioural finance has discovered several psychological biases that prompt investors to act in, well, not particularly rational ways. One of the strongest psychological biases is Loss Aversion. Loss Aversion is the tendency that, in the Investors’ minds, potential losses appear significantly larger than potential gains.

 
See on cocorates.com

25
Lug
15

Daniel Kahneman: ‘What would I eliminate if I had a magic wand? Overconfidence’

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Daniel Kahneman is the very definition of unassuming: a small, softly spoken man in his 80s, his face and manners mild, his demeanour that of a cautious observer rather than someone who calls the shots. We meet in a quiet spot off the lobby of a London hotel. Even then I have trouble catching every word; his accent hovers between French and Israeli and his delivery is quiet, imbued with a slightly strained patience, helpful but cautious.

And yet this is a man whose experimental findings have shifted our understanding of thought on its axis – someone described by Steven Pinker as “the world’s most influential living psychologist”. With his long-time collaborator Amos Tversky, who died in 1996, he delineated the biases that warp our judgment, from figuring out if we can trust a prospective babysitter to buying and selling shares. In 2002 he was awarded the Nobel prize in economics, a testament to the boundary-busting nature of his research.

See on theguardian.com

25
Lug
15

A Simple Mind Trick Will Help You Think More Rationally | Big Think

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Emotions can cloud our rational decision-making. By adopting the perspective of an outside advisor, psychologist Dan Ariely says we can inject some rationality into our cognitive processes.

See on bigthink.com

25
Lug
15

Job opening with Morningstar’s behavioral science team – Decision Science News

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Morningstar is looking for an applied behavioral scientist, to help understand and overcome the behavioral obstacles that individuals face to financing their retirement.

See on decisionsciencenews.com

25
Lug
15

How Poor Choice Architecture Could Determine the Future of Greece and Europe

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Jon M Jachimowicz & Sam McNerney This Sunday, nearly 10 million eligible Greek citizens will vote over the future of their country, potentially influencing the future of the European Union and …

See on spspblog.org




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