How does consciousness emerge from inert matter? This may be the hardest part of the “hard problem” that is consciousness. We have developed pretty solid models for explaining how the various modules and circuits in the brain work together (often in parallel processes) to create awareness and a sense of self.
But how does the brain itself, a three pound lump of fatty acids, produce consciousness? We don’t really know, but the research presented below offers the beginning of a possible explanation, but only if the various models are combined (integrated) to generate a coherent theory.