Archive for the 'Uncategorized' Category

22
Ago
17

The Paradox of Music-Evoked Sadness: A Survey of Personality and Reward

Questo studio esplora l’esperienza della tristezza indotta dall’ascolto della musica. La tristezza è comunemente considerata un’emozione negativa e pertanto evitata nella vita quotidiana. Rimane una questione aperta: perché quindi le persone apprezzano la musica triste? Gli Autori presentano i risultati di uno studio condotto online che ha coinvolto 722 partecipanti occidentali e orientali. Lo studio indaga gli effetti gratificanti delle emozioni tristi evocate dalla musica, nonché l’apporto relativo alle caratteristiche dell’ascoltatore e alle situazioni che contribuiscono all’apprezzamento della musica triste. Lo studio esamina inoltre i differenti principi attraverso i quali la tristezza viene evocata dalla musica e la sua interazione con i tratti della personalità.I risultati mostrano quattro diversi aspetti gratificanti della musica triste: l’effetto dell’immaginazione, la regolazione delle emozioni, l’empatia e l’assenza di implicazioni nella vita reale. Inoltre, l’apprezzamento della musica triste segue una modalità congruente con l’umore ed è più grande tra gli individui con maggiore empatia e minore stabilità emotiva. Sorprendentemente la nostalgia piuttosto che la tristezza è l’emozione più frequente evocata dalla musica triste. Di conseguenza, la memoria è stata valutata come il principio più importante attraverso il quale l’emozione viene evocata dalla musica triste. Infine, il tratto di empatia contribuisce all’evocazione della tristezza attraverso il contagio, l’apprezzamento e il coinvolgimento delle funzioni sociali. I presenti risultati indicano che la risposta emotiva alla musica triste è sfaccettata, modulata dall’empatia e collegata a una esperienza multidimensionale del piacere.

Sorgente: The Paradox of Music-Evoked Sadness: A Survey of Personality and Reward

Annunci
16
Ago
17

The Advice Process – Flaws and Fixes

Sorgente: The Advice Process – Flaws and Fixes

16
Ago
17

What we need to learn

quantum shifting

Bring to mind one of your best working moments.  One of those times when you felt on top of the world, when you were just ‘flowing’ or when you felt the warm glow of success.  It could have been when that new client signed up with you…..when you finally worked through a long-standing conflict with someone while at the same time growing a positive working relationship….when you overcame your fears to achieve a breakthrough of some sort.

You will doubtless have many of these moments.

Right now, focus on just one of them.  Recall what you were doing, who was with you, how you felt, how others responded to you.  Enjoy it as you recall it.

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Now bring to mind of your worst working moments.  That time you wanted the earth to open up and swallow you….when you felt so bad that you couldn’t look others in the eyes….that moment…

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28
Giu
17

Sette brevi consigli per affrontare la complessità

Competere nella complessità

Ieri sul Sole 24 Ore è uscito il mio articolo Per governare la complessità occorre farsi le domande giuste. Il pezzo commenta un video ironico tratto dalla collana Work Machine realizzata da Newton Factory in cui le tradizionali prassi manageriali vengono provocatoriamente messe in discussione. Per la visione del video rimando al link del Sole 24 Ore. Di seguito i contenuti dell’articolo.

Al di là dei toni, chiaramente ironici, quanti manager sono davvero consapevoli della fallacia dei principi descritti nel video? In fondo, molti dei suggerimenti rappresentano prassi quotidiane nelle aziende. Per comprendere le ragioni che determinano l’inefficacia di questi principi è importante comprendere il concetto di complessità. Il termine deriva da “cum-plexum”, ovvero intrecciato insieme. Oggi i mercati finanziari, le reti energetiche e di trasporto, le economie e i consumatori sono fortemente interconnessi e questo significa che gli attori economici, interagendo in misura crescente, determinano…

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27
Ott
16

Big History, Complexity Theory, and Life in a Non-Linear World

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

WHEN , IN THE late 1970s, desktop computers suddenly made it simple to solve non-linear equations, scientists in fields from fluid dynamics to ecosystem studies began modelling their subjects with them. This was an earth-shaking development. Earlier, scientists could only model their subjects with relatively simpler, quicker-to-solve linear equations. With linear equations, ‘the sum of two equations is again a solution’. 1 A small cause will create a small effect, and a large cause, a large effect. They were the kinds of equations that Isaac Newton used to perfect his physics. Combined with René Descartes’ philosophy, Newton’s physics created a world view in which independent objects interacted according to a set of ‘Universal Laws of Nature’ in linear processes of cause-and-effect. Johannes Kepler had called the resulting world a ‘Clockwork Universe’. 2 However, as successful the resulting scientific paradigm proved to be, most of life is non-linear. After all, it took only a few small shifts in the genes of bacteria in Chinese fowl sometime around 1917 to cause the influenza epidemic that ravaged America and Europe at the end of World War I. Small causes can have enormous effects. But non-linear equations were much more time-consuming to solve. With the desktop computer revolution of the late 1970s, it was suddenly possible for scientists to model their topics with non-linear equations, with which small causes can have large effects. The scientists using them quickly made two discoveries. First, non-linear equations created a more accurate picture of how things in the world behaved.By Dmitri Bondarenko and Ken Baskin in History and Cultural History. Big History emerged as part of this non-linear way of understanding the world. What we discovered in working together is that the insights of complexity theory, which studies the 

27
Ott
16

Reflections of the social environment in chimpanzee memory: applying rational analysis beyond humans

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

In cognitive science, the rational analysis framework allowsmodelling of how physical and social environments imposeinformation-processing demands onto cognitive systems. Inhumans, for example, past social contact among individualspredicts their future contact with linear and power functions.These features of the human environment constrain theoptimal way to remember information and probably shapehow memory records are retained and retrieved. We offera primer on how biologists can apply rational analysis tostudy animal behaviour. Using chimpanzees ( Pan troglodytes )as a case study, we modelled 19 years of observationaldata on their social contact patterns. Much like humans,the frequency of past encounters in chimpanzees linearlypredictedfutureencounters,andtherecencyofpastencounterspredicted future encounters with a power function. Consistentwith the rational analyses carried out for human memory,these findings suggest that chimpanzee memory performanceshould reflect those environmental regularities. In re-analysingexisting chimpanzee memory data, we found that chimpanzeememory patterns mirrored their social contact patterns. Ourfindings hint that human and chimpanzee memory systemsmay have evolved to solve similar information-processingproblems. Overall, rational analysis offers novel theoreticaland methodological avenues for the comparative studyof cognition

27
Ott
16

Cognitive phenotypes and the evolution of animal decisions

See on Scoop.itBounded Rationality and Beyond

Abstract Despite the clear fitness conse?uences of animal decisions, the science of animal decision ma-ing in evolutionary iology is underdeveloped compared to decision science in human psychology. Specifically, the field lac-s a conceptual frameor- that defines and descries the relevant components of a decision, leading to imprecise language and concepts. The @Audgment and decision ma-ing (




Time is real? I think not

novembre: 2017
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